Java - The island is undoubtedly one of the most created inside the Indonesian archipelago, but despite its political and economic primacy it is nonetheless struggling from the twin demons of overpopulation and poverty. The visitor is confronted by a society in transition - 1 which is keen to embrace the benefits of modernity but determined not to lose its heritage inside the process. Thus fast-food joints, shopping malls, satellite TV and the other material accoutrements with the West live cheek by jowl using a vibrant traditional culture centred not on a individual, but around the family, the village and religius piety.
Bandung - At 750 metres over sea level, Bandung stands out as the cool and comfortable capital of West Java. It's an unhurried place (despite becoming the third largest city in Indonesia) which makes it a welcome respite inside the din and bustle of Jakarta. The majority from the population are the native Sundanese from west Java, who not merely have a reputation as extroverted, easy-going folks compared on the incredibly refined Javanese, but also as zealous guardians of their very own ancient culture.
Yogyakarta - or 'Yogya' is very easily one of the most popular city in Indonesia. It's a cultural and intellectual centre, crammed with prestigious universities and academies, and its influence far outweighs its size. Sure it has noisy and chaotic targeted traffic like any Javanese city, but just a short stroll away during the main streets are the kampungs wherever life is nonetheless unhurried. Despite its veneer of modernity and westernisation, the city clings strongly to its traditional values and philosophies.
Borobudur - is 1 on the greatest Buddhist relics in South-East Asia and is Indonesia's most famous attraction. Rulers from the Sailendra dynasty built the colossal pyramid of Borobudur in between 750 and 850 AD, but extremely tiny else is known on the site's early history except that a huge workforce have to were harnessed to shift and carve the 60,000 cubic metres of stone utilized in its construction. With the decline of Buddhism and the shift of power to East Java, Borobudur was soon abandoned and for centuries lay hidden under layers of volcanic ash.
Prambanan - This really is the biggest Hindu temple complex in Java, and marks the cream of what remains of Java's Hindu cultural development. Consisting of 224 temples, only a couple of of that are restored, this large complex is breathtaking in scale and sculptural detail. Intriguingly, the complex, that is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva, stands amidst various buddhist temples scattered across the Prambanan Plain.
Mt Bromo - Gunung Bromo is an active volcano lying at the centre of the Tengger Massif, a spectacular volcanic landscape that may be probably the most impressive sights in Java. The massive Tengger crater stretches 10 km in diameter and its steep walls plunge down to a vast, flat sea of lava sand. Within the crater floor emerges the smoking peak of Gunung Bromo (2392 metres), forming a crater within a crater.
Ujung Kulon National Park - This park is remote - quite remote. It covers about 420 sq km of the isthmus on Java's remote south-western tip. Having there involves a lengthy boat ride inside the port of Labuhan, and also the dry season (April to August) is the very best time for calm seas. The park includes several offshore islands and also the peninsula has lowland rainforest, swamps and sandy beaches.
Karimunjawa Islands - This lovely archipelago of 27 islands off the north coast of Central Java has been declared a marine national park. The islands principal attractions are the smattering of white sandy beaches, the calm, clear water, and also the peace and quiet. The primary island Pulau Karimunjawa has homestay accommodation, but is mostly ringed by mangroves.
Getting There & Away - Jakarta is Indonesia's busiest international airport and may be the hub with the domestic air network. Be certain to reconfirm bookings at least 72 hours before departure. A ferry shuttles among Ketapang in eastern Java and the west-Balinese port of Gilimanuk. Boat/bus combination tickets between Yogya or Surabaya and Denpasar in Bali is also purchased. There are lots of ships/ferries between Java and numerous ports in Sumatra. The Merak-Bakauheni ferry is probably the most popular. You will discover also ships among Jakarta to Singapore through the Indonesian island of Tanjung Pinang.